Justin Taylor | Genesology



There is always confusion when referencing the names of the ancient gods. Sometimes we hear the Greek names, sometimes the Roman names. Here we will list the twelve Olympian gods and a brief description of each. Followed by yet more gods. The Greeks and Romans shared the same stories, but used different names. This might make things a bit less confusing.

Greek Name / Roman Name

Followed by their description.

Zeus / Jupiter

Lord of the sky and supreme ruler of the gods. Known for throwing lightening bolts.

Poseidon / Neptune

Ruler of the sea. Brother of Zeus. Carried a three-pronged spear known as a trident.

Hades / Pluto

Ruler of the underworld and the dead. Brother of Zeus. Had a helmet which rendered its wearer invisible.

Hestia / Vesta

A virgin goddess and sister of Zeus. No distinct personality or part in myths. Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of the home.

Hera / Juno

Zeus's wife and sister. Protector of marriage, spent most of her time punishing the many women Zeus fell in love with. Likes cows and peacocks.

Ares / Mars

God of war and son of Zeus and Hera. Likes vultures and dogs.

Athena / Minerva

Daughter of Zeus alone. No mother. She sprang from his head full-grown and in full armor. The protector of civilized life, handicrafts, and agriculture. Invented the bridle, and first to tame the horse. Likes Athens, olives, and owls.

Apollo / Apollo (shared name)

Son of Zeus. Master musician, archer god, healer, god of light, god of Truth, sun god. A busy god who likes the laurel tree, dolphins, and crows.

Aphrodite / Venus

Daughter of Zeus. Goddess of Love and Beauty. Likes the myrtle tree, doves, sparrows, and swans.

Hermes / Mercury

Son of Zeus. Wore wings on his sandals and his hat, thus was graceful and swift.

Artemis / Diana

Apollo's twin sister and daughter of Zeus. Lady of wild things and huntsman to the gods. As Apollo is the Sun, Artemis is the moon.

Hephaestus / Vulcan

Son of Hera, God of Fire. The only ugly and deformed god. Makes armor and weapons forged under volcanoes.

Other Gods

Gaea / Terra

Mother Earth.

Asclepius / Aesculapius

God of medicine.

Cronus (Kronos) / Saturn

Cronus was the son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth). God of the sky, god of time; Ruler of the Titans (Roman mythology: God of agriculture)

Demeter / Ceres

Goddess of grain.

Dionysus / Bacchus

God of wine and vegetation.

Eros / Cupid

God of love.

Hypnos / Somnus

God of sleep.

Rhea / Ops

Wife of Cronus (Kronos) / Saturn. Mother Goddess.

Ouranos / Uranus

Uranus (Ouranos) (Ancient Greek: Οὐρανός, romanized: Ouranós, was the primal Greek god personifying the sky and one of the Greek primordial deities.

God of the sky. Father of the Titans.

Nike / Victoria

Goddess of Victory.

And there you have it ... or at the very least, a point of reference between the Greek and Roman god equivalents.

Just a thought ...

Justin Taylor, ORDM.